Building materials

Building materials

Building materials – raw Materials, substances and articles used for climbing, repair and maintenance of structures. Natural materials include the products of the mining industry (stones, aggregates, clay) and forestry (lumber), for materials obtained as a result of processing processes - products of the ceramics industry (bricks, roof tiles, glass, binders), chemical (tar, lepiki, glues, plastics) and metallurgy (rods, steel sections, sheet metal) and concrete semi-finished products (poles, maybe, ceiling and wall panels, stair flights), construction joinery products (door frames, window frames, door), as well as wood-based materials (plywood, pressed plates). Building materials are divided into three basic groups: construction materials (load bearing) - used for elements transferring the load of the structure to the ground, binders and mortars - used for joining building elements and facing walls and ceilings, and finishing materials - used on hydro, term- and sound insulation, as well as the elements that determine the interior design.

Timber construction materials include construction and finishing materials; steel building materials - mainly reinforcement inserts of concrete and ceramic structural elements, increasing their mechanical strength , and other standard products, including door frames.

The basic building materials include:

  • Aggregate concrete
  • Brick
  • Cement
  • Tile
  • Gypsum plasterboard
  • Building gypsum
  • Natural stone
  • Aggregate
  • Terrazzo
  • Lepik
  • Papa
  • Ceramic tiles
  • Terracotta tiles
  • Cement boards
  • Hollow blocks
  • Tar
  • Building glass
  • Foam glass
  • Calcium
  • Mineral wool
  • Building mortars
  • Reinforced concrete