Teodor Axentowicz and his place in the history of Polish painting

Teodor Axentowicz and his place in the history of Polish painting.

Teodor Axentowicz was an artist and painter, living and acting creatively at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. He developed and developed his talent at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich and as a student of the renowned Parisian painter and teacher, Carolusa-Durana. The fact is very good about Axentowicz's abilities, that in his youth he made copies of Titian's paintings. He also started his career as an illustrator of magazines published at that time. He returned to Poland from his travels around Europe as a married man, and his further steps in the field of art focused on Polish culture. W 1895 year, he started working at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow and worked there almost 40 years, from 1910 he was also the rector of this institution. He showed an innovative approach to education, assuming in 1897 year of school, in which women could improve their painting skills. also, Axentowicz took an active part in cultural life, actively participating in the formation of cultural institutions and participation in their functioning. Together with other famous painters, he founded the Society of Polish Artists, Art, acting to organize vernissages of Polish masters of the brush. Very graphic, Axentowicz was most often the author of posters announcing specific exhibitions. He was also a co-founder of the Krakow Society of History and Monuments Lovers, he also contributed to the establishment of cultural associations in Vienna and France. The Warsaw Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts also made Axentowicz its honorary member. Two years before his death, the painter was honored by President Ignacy Mościcki with the Order of Polonia Restituta, which was an act of special recognition for the merits rendered by this artist to Polish culture.

Type of creativity and achievements

The artist used both a brush with finesse, as well as drawing and graphic techniques. He was appreciated by numerous portraits, including subtle images of ladies - one of Axentowicz's most recognizable canvases is the Portrait of a Lady in a Black Dress. In addition, genre scenes occupy a lot of place in his oeuvre, presenting the realities of life and the secrets of Hutsuls' customs, highlanders living in the Eastern Carpathians, located in the Romanian-Ukrainian cultural circle. One of the most serious ventures, in which Axentowicz took part, was to participate in the creation of the Panorama of the Battle of Racławice, monumental image of an episode from the time of the Kościuszko Uprising. Axentowicz then collaborated with many artists, and the entire work was coordinated by the originators - Wojciech Kossak and Jan Styka.

Due to its Armenian roots, the artist was also involved in ventures, designed to nurture the culture of this ethnic minority, existing in the Polish lands. Not only did he make Armenians and Armenia heroes of some of his canvases, but he also had the opportunity to take part in more practical projects. During the renovation works on the Armenian cathedral in Lviv, it was Axentowicz who was asked to design the altar, pulpits and decorations, including stained glass.