Władysław Podkowiński and his paintings.
Władysław Podkowiński was born in 1866, died in a year 1895. This nineteenth-century draftsman and painter is considered a precursor of impressionism in Poland and a representative of symbolism in Polish painting in the nineteenth century..
Władysław Podkowiński began his painting education in the Government Drawing Class in Warsaw. During his studies he was a student of Wojciech Gerson. The next stage, relatively short, in painting education were received at the St. Petersburg Academy. Just as short, because only a year, spent in Paris. Paris period, which lasted for a year 1889 to year 1890 however, it significantly influenced the future precursor of impressionism. Still in the years 1884 – 1889, when he was an illustrator in magazines published in Warsaw ("Kłosy", "Tygodnik Ilustrowany", "Wanderer") he created in a naturalistic spirit, during his stay in Paris, however, he came closer to impressionism. Works such as: "Parisian Lighthouse Keeper" and "Dry Sunflower". The Warsaw audience had the opportunity to see these paintings at the exhibition in the Aleksander Krywułt Salon located in the Hotel Europejski. However, the presented works have not met with any critical acclaim, nor the audience. Also in the same year, a series of watercolors and drawings was created, "Ojcowa Views". In the summer 1891 year S. Podkowiński leaves for the Chrzęstne and Mokra Wieś estates. Holidays spent in these estates bear fruit in the form of landscapes: "Wet Village" (this painting is also known under the title "At the pond" and "Lupine in the sun".
Władysław Podkowiński is associated with the general public primarily with the painting "Frenzy". This picture was made in 1983 1894. It is made in oil technique, has dimensions 310 x 270 cm. The painting has been around for a year 1904 at the National Museum in Krakow. Podkowiński started painting this picture in the fall of the year 1893. In February of the following year, the painting was exhibited at the Zachęta Gallery in Warsaw. The artist called his work "Frenzy of elation". The picture was announced very early by Warsaw newspapers. He attracted crowds of viewers to Zachęta, is assessed, that in total saw the picture 12 000 people. The painting, significantly different in terms of its subject matter, was enthusiastically received by critics and viewers. However, just two months after the presentation of the painting, a sensational news spread to Warsaw: the author cut up his painting and took it from the exhibition. However, the image was repaired, admittedly only after the death of its author. It was still exhibited at numerous exhibitions, until it was finally purchased for a sum 1000 rubles by Feliks Jasieński. In year 1904 the owner donated it to the National Museum in Krakow, where it is located until today.
"Frenzy of exultation" is the first Polish film with an erotic theme. The first sketches for the painting were made during the artist's stay in Paris. The painting shows a naked woman on a rearing black horse. The coloring of the picture consists of just a few colors: shades of black, gray, browns. The artist added a bit of yellow and white to sweeten it. The coloring of the painting is explained by the artist's depression.